West Virginia is a state in the eastern United States. It is bordered by Pennsylvania to the north, Maryland to the east and northeast, Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, and Ohio to the northwest. West Virginia is the 10th-smallest state by area and ranks as the 12th-least populous state, with a population of 1,793,716 residents. The capital and largest city is Charleston.
West Virginia was admitted to the Union on June 20, 1863, during the American Civil War. It was the only state to form by separating from a Confederate state, one of two states (along with Nevada) admitted to the Union during the Civil War, and the second state to separate from another state, after Maine separated from Massachusetts in 1820. Some of its residents held slaves, but most were yeoman farmers, and the delegates provided for the gradual abolition of slavery in the new state constitution.
West Virginia is a land of mountains, forests, and rivers. The state is home to the Allegheny Mountains, which are part of the Appalachian Mountain range. The highest point in West Virginia is Spruce Knob, which is 4,863 feet (1,484 meters) above sea level. The state is also home to the Shenandoah River, which is the longest river in West Virginia.
West Virginia is a popular destination for outdoor recreation. The state has many national parks and forests, including New River Gorge National Park & Preserve, Monongahela National Forest, and George Washington and Jefferson National Forests. West Virginia is also a popular destination for whitewater rafting, hiking, and camping.
The state's economy is based on agriculture, mining, and tourism. The state is a major producer of coal, natural gas, and timber. West Virginia is also a major tourist destination, with many attractions such as Harpers Ferry, Charleston, and the New River Gorge National Park & Preserve.
West Virginia is a unique and beautiful state with a rich history and culture. The state is a popular destination for outdoor recreation, and its economy is based on agriculture, mining, and tourism.
- Allen Junction
- Alum Bridge
- Alum Creek
- Apple Grove